备忘录在 Swift 中的实现
Memento is a behavioral design pattern that allows making snapshots of an object's state and restoring it in future.
The Memento doesn't compromise the internal structure of the object it works with, as well as data kept inside the snapshots.
在 Swift 中使用模式
Usage examples: The Memento's principle can be achieved using the serialization, which is quite common in Swift. While it's not the only and the most efficient way to make snapshots of an object's state, it still allows storing state backups while protecting the originator's structure from other objects.